Khulna Division is in the south-west of the country. It had an area of 22,285 km2and a population of 15,563,000 at the 2011 Census (preliminary returns). Its headquarters is Khulna city in Khulna District. The Khulna division borders the Indian state of West Bengal to the west, the Rajshahi Division to the north, the Dhaka and Barisal Divisions to the east, and has a coastline on the Bay of Bengal to the south. It is part of the Ganges River delta or Greater Bengal Delta. Other rivers include the Madhumati River, the Bhairob River and the Kopotokkho River. The region also includes several islands in the Bay of Bengal.
The Sundarbans Reserve Forest (SRF), located in the south-west of Bangladesh between the river Baleswar in the East and the Harinbanga in the West, adjoining to the Bay of Bengal, is the largest contiguous mangrove forest in the world. Lying between latitude 21° 27′ 30″ and 22° 30′ 00″ North and longitude 89° 02′ 00″ and 90° 00′ 00″ East and with a total area of 10,000 km2, 60% of the property lies in Bangladesh and the rest in India. The land area, including exposed sandbars, occupies 414,259 ha (70%) with water bodies covering 187,413 ha (30%).
The three wildlife sanctuaries in the south cover an area of 139,700 ha and are considered core breeding areas for a number of endangered species. Situated in a unique bioclimatic zone within a typical geographical situation in the coastal region of the Bay of Bengal, it is a landmark of ancient heritage of mythological and historical events. Bestowed with magnificent scenic beauty and natural resources, it is internationally recognized for its high biodiversity of mangrove flora and fauna both on land and water.
The immense tidal mangrove forests of Bangladeshs’ Sundarbans Forest Reserve, is in reality a mosaic of islands of different shapes and sizes, perennially washed by brackish water shrilling in and around the endless and mind-boggling labyrinths of water channels. The site supports exceptional biodiversity in its terrestrial, aquatic and marine habitats; ranging from micro to macro flora and fauna. The Sundarbans is of universal importance for globally endangered species including the Royal Bengal Tiger, Ganges and Irawadi dolphins, estuarine crocodiles and the critically endangered endemic river terrapin (Batagur baska). It is the only mangrove habitat in the world for Panthera tigris tigris species.
The Three sundarbans Wildlife Sanctuaries
Location: In the south-eastern frontier of Bangladesh. Form Khulna city the distance by boat to the East, West and South Sanctuaries is about 65 km, 75 km and 80 km respectively.
Area: The Sundarbans Reserve Forest includes 601,700 hectares. Within the boundary of this Reserve Forest includes 601,700 hectares. Within the boundary of this Reserve Forest are found the three Wildlife Sanctuaries, totaling 139,698 hectares.
- Home of the Bengal Tiger, Spotted Deer, Iriwaddy Dolphin and Estuarine Crocodile.
- A rich avifauna that comprise about 50% of birds known in Bangladesh
- A refuge and passage for migrant and seasonal birds.
- Thousands of hectares of unbroken and uninhabited wild nature.
Habitat, Flora & Fauna Habitat, Flora & Fauna: The forest is comprised of plant species that can grow on salty soil and withstand periodic inundation. The main species are Sundari, Gewa and Goran, with a total of 334 plant species. About 289 terrestrial faunal species and 219 aquatic faunal species have been recorded. Prominent and important mammal species include the Royal Bengal Tiger, Spotted Deer, Macaque, Wild Boar, Jackal and Indian Fishing Cats. The Reserve Forest and Sanctuaries have a rich bird population of 315 species, of which 84 are migratory.
Description: The Sundarbans is our “beautiful forest” as its name implies. It is the single largest mangrove forest in the world and home to the Royal Bengal Tiger. Within the large Sundarbans Reserve Forest are found three specially declared Wildlife Sanctuaries: Sundarbans East, South and West. The unique array of natural mangrove forest, creeks, mandering streams, rivers, estuaries and spectacular wildlife make it a feast for all eyes.
Facts: Royal Bengal Tiger
- Their body length without tail is about 1.8 to 2.8 meters.
- Weight of males is 180-280 kg and of females is 115-185 kg.
- The pattern of each individual is unique.
- Their short and stiff fur is bright fawn to reddish tan, shading to white underneath.
- For food, they prefer spotted deer, wild pigs and monkeys.
- The Tiger drags kill to a safe place to eat.
- They are able to eat up to 20 kg at a time and then go without eating for days.
- Tigers are solitary predators and soon after mating the male tigers leave the female who fends for the cubs for herself.
- The white ear spots enable mothers and cubs to keep track of each other in the dim forests at night.
- A Tigress generally delivers 2-4 cubs.
- Resting Tigers spend most of their time in the ritual of grooming with their rough tongues.
Bon Bibi: Mythical Lady of the Forest
Among the folk deities particularly associated with the Sundarbans is the Bon Bibi, the Lady of the Forests, a Sylvan manifestation of the Devi propitiated by a stone slab, clay pot, or a full two-headed image seated on a tiger and has her own special festival in the winter months of the year. In some Sundarban villages, She is worshiped daily.
One of the major entry points to the Sundarbans. Located about 5km (a 45 min boat ride) from Mongla Sea Port, Karamjal Visitor Centre is a good place for a half day visit to get an overall idea and feel about what the Sundarbans has to offer.
- Mangrove Arboretum
- View Dolphin jumping in the Passur river on way to Karamjal
- Elevated wooden trail inside forest and observation tower
- Deer and Crocodile rearing situation
- Good for half a day visit.
This is one of the most breathtaking spots in the region. It is also the best spot to see the Spotted Deer that graze around in herds or even the Royal Bengal Tiger stalking down the shores of the beaches, crossing one of the canals, or simply snoozing. Katka is 150km from Khulna city and 100km from Mongla. One can travel to Katka from Mongla or Khulna Forest Ghat via various hired water vessels like speedboats, cabin cruisers, sea truck or launch.
- Spotted Deer herds in close proximity of rest house
- Jamtala watchtower to view wildlife
- Canoeing in Katka Khal
- Basking crocodiles
- Tiger spotting.
Beach lovers will find Paradise here. Located 14km east of Katka, Kachikhali has an isolated sea beach deep in the forest. The site is managed by the sundarban East Wildlife Sanctuary.
- Virgin Beach
- View fluorescent plankton & luminescent fireflies at night
- Night canoeing
- Deer, Crocodiles, Monkeys and Monitor lizards
- Tiger Spotting
This is essentially a fisherman’s island 25 km south-west of Katka and 35 km south-east of Nilkamal and can be accessed by launch, speedboat and Jali boat but should be avoided in stormy weather.
- Various species of fish and crab
- Raash Mela on November
- Local fish processing procedures
Located in the southern part of the Sundarbans this spot is also known as “Hiron Point”. It is 80 km from Mongla and 130 km from Khulna by waterway and can be reached by taking motorized boats (3.5 hours by speedboat and 12 hours by Jaliboat) on the Passur River.
- King Kobra, Otter, Spotted Deer
- Tiger spotting
Mandarbaria is an isolated island tucked away in the south-west corner of the Sundarbans and though a bit hard to access due to deep estuaries can be reached by launch or speedboat from Dublar Char or Nilkamal.
- Ideal undistributed site for the mangrove and wildlife
- Turtle breeding spot
- Dolphins, King crabs and numerous species of crabs.
HAZRAT KHAN JAHAN ALI MAJAR & DEGHI
Location: Bagerhat, Khulna
- Ancient architecture
- Tomb of Hazrat Khan Jahan Ali
Description: Khan Jahan Ali was a local ruler and celebrated sufi saint. Khan Jahan (popularly known as Khan Jahan Ali) was entitled Ulugh Khan and Khan-i-Azam and flourished atkhalifatabad (Bagerhat) in the first half of the fifteenth century AD when the Later Iliyas Shahi Sultan Nasiruddin Mahmud Shahwas ruling at gaur .
Khan Jahan was a great builder. He founded some townships, built mosques, madrasahs and sarais, roads, highways and bridges, excavated a large number of dighis in the districts of greater Jessore and Khulna. Besides his fortified metropolis of Khalifatabad (modern Bagerhat) he built three townships, such as Maruli Kasba, Paigram Kasba and Bara Bazar. He is said to have built a highway from Bagerhat to Chittagong, a twenty-mile long road from Samantasena to Badhkhali, and a road running from Shuvabara to Daulatpur in Khulna. The most notable of his architectural monuments areshatgumbad mosque(c 1450) at Bagerhat,
masjidkur mosque (c 1450) at village Masjidkur, his own tomb (1459) near Bagerhat and a single-domed mosque attached to his tomb. Of the large number of dighis and ponds excavated by him the most notable are the Khanjali Dighi (1450) near his tomb and Ghoradighi (measuring 1500´x750´) to the west of Shatgumbad Mosque. There is a few crocodile in big pond.
SIXTY DOMES MOSQUE
Location: Bagerhat, Khulna
Attraction: Ancient architecture, 77 domes.
Description: Shat Gambuj Masjid, which means a mosque with 60 domes, was constructed in 1449. Though the mosque has 77 squade domes, traditionally it is called as sixty dome mosque. There is a museum in the mosque area. Foreigners have to pay a small entrance fee of BDT 50 to visit the mosque. The museum beside the mosque is open from 9am to 12pm and from 2pm to 5pm.
The, so called, 60 dome mosque in Bagerhat, has, in fact, rather more than 60 domes, but since few of them are visible from the exterior, the name scarcely does justice to the real splendour of the brick built, mid 15th century construction. This unique mosque is just 22 km away from Khulna city.
Location: Near Kotka, Sundarban, Khulna
- River mouth
- Deer and Monkey
Description: Badamtola beach is a tourist attraction in Sunadarban forest which is 3 km far from Jamtala watch tower of Kotka. Badamtola is a small sea beach. Lot of deer and monkeys are seen at this place. Badamtola is a meeting point between river and sea.
How to go : If you are interested to go to Badamtola, you will find it south-west of Katka and south-east of Nilkamal in the range of the Sundarbans. Usually it is convenient to start from the nearby island of Mongla (Khulna) by a variety of different boats, such as speedboats and cabin cruisers.
Location: Sundarban, Khulna
- Mangrove forest
- Royal Bengal Tiger
- Watching wildlife of sundarbans
Description: The Sundarbans is the largest single block of tidal halophytic mangrove forest in the world. The name Sundarban can be literally translated as beautiful forest in the Bengali language. The forest lies at the feet of the Ganges and it became inscribed as a UNESCO world heritage site in 1997. The forest covers an area of approximately 10,000 sq. km. Hiron Point is a beautiful spot, great for spotting tigers and other spectacular and rare wildlife animals. Also known as Nilkamal, it is famous for tiger, deer, monkey, crocodiles and many precious birds. The visitors can get a comfortable stay in the three-storied Rest House of the Mongla Port Authority with prior booking.
How to go : If you are interested to go to hiron point, Usually it is convenient to start from the nearby island of Mongla (Khulna) or sadarghat (Dhaka) by a variety of different boats, such as speedboats and cabin cruisers. Hiron point is around 24 hours launch travel from shadarghat, Dhaka. And 17 hours from BIWT terminal(Khulna). This is a amazing travel of any season.
KAIKHALI : BORDER OF SUNDARBAN
Location: Kaikhali Forest Station is located at shyamnagar in shatkhira , Khulna.
- Mangrove forest
- Matla River
- Royal Bengal Tige
- Watching wildlife of sundarbans
Description: There is a border river which called matla. River Matla divides Sundarban Reserved Forest into Sundarban Tiger Reserve (on the east) and Reserved Forest of South 24 Parganas Forest Division. Area of responsibility(AOR) given to this unit comprises with the bordering areas of SHYAMNAGAR and KALIGONJ Upazillas and part of DEBHATA Upazilla of SATKHIRA district. The bordering areas of SUNDARBAN Reserve Forest are also included in our area of responsibility. Area of responsibility of this bn starts from LANGLA bazar and continue down upto TALPATTI. BOPs along the border cover about 70 kilo meters from KHANJIA to KAIKHALI BOP. From KAIKHALI BOP down south another 110 kilo meters up to Bay of Bengal is also under observation of this bn.
This border area around 80 km away from Khulna city.
Location: Meherpur District
Attraction: Neel Kuthi
Description: Amjhupi Neel Kuthi - where Lord Clive plotted conspiracy of the Battle of plassy. The places of historical interest like Amjhupi Neel Kuthi
(Indigo House) under Sadar Upazila of the Meherpur District situated on the
bank of the river Kazla under the shed of a large green grove arrests the
eyes of viewers.
Attraction: Historical and cultural place
Description: Lalon also Lalon Sain,Lalon Shah, Lalon Fakir or Mahatma Lalon Fakir; (c. 1774–1890), was a Bengali Baul saint, mystic, songwriter, social reformer and secular thinker. In Bengali culture he has become an icon of religious tolerance and secularism whose songs inspired and influenced many poets and social and religious thinkers including Rabindranath Tagore, Kazi Nazrul Islam, and Allen Ginsberg - though, as he "rejected all distinctions of caste and creed", he was both praised and criticized in his lifetime and after his death. His disciples mostly live in Bangladesh and West Bengal. He founded the institute known as Lalon Akhdah in Cheuriya, about 2 km. from Kushtia railway station. He is also regarded as the founder of the Baul music.
Location: 48 km south of Khulna city
- Second largest Sea Port of Bangladesh
- Mongla River
- Surrounded by mangrove forest
Description: It was formerly located at Chalna, about 11 miles (18 km) upstream on the Pusur Rive, as established on 11 December 1954. The Port is surrounded as well as well protected by the Sundarban mangrove forest. The name Mongla originated from Mongla River presently known as Mongla Nulla. Mongla River originated from Pussur and Rampal is situated beside Pussur. The anchorage was shifted to Mongla in 1954 as the place could accommodate sea-going vessels with greater draughts. During the Pakistan period, the administration of the port was under a port director, whose main office was at Khulna. The port is situated at the confluence of the Pashur River and the . It lies about 62 miles (100 km) north of the Bay of Bengal and is connected to the major inland river ports and to the rail terminal at Khulna. Mongla and Chittagong in Bangladesh are the principal seaports on the world's largest Ganges delta.The port has trade links with almost all major ports of the world, although vessels arriving here are mostly from ports of Asia, the Middle East, Australia, Europe and North America and the ships rarely come to Mongla from the countries of Latin America or Africa.The port is open for 24 hours and up to 225 metre long ships can enter into the port for discharging cargo. A constraint free large channel is available for anchorage and loading/unloading facilities on both sides for 33 ships at a time. The port's chief exports include jute, leather, tobacco , frozen fish, and shrimp; major imports include grain, cement, fertilizer, coal , and wood pulp . Its population as of 2001 was 56,746.
GATHKHALI : VILLAGE OF FLOWER
Location: 55 km away from Khulna city
Attraction: Flower cultivation
Description: Gatkhali village was a biggest flower produce zone of Bangladesh. Most of people of this village are involved in this job. In Bangladesh approximately 75 percent flowers are supply from this village .. Biggest land port Benapole is just 15 km away from this village. This is a truely unique place.