Division - Sylhet

 

Sylhet Division also known as Greater Sylhet or Sylhet region, is the northeastern division of Bangladesh, named after its main city, Sylhet. It is bordered by the Meghalaya, Assam and Tripura states of India to the north, east and south, respectively; and by the Bangladesh divisions of Chittagong to the southwest and Dhaka to the west.

Sylhet is located on the banks of the Surma Valley and is surrounded by the Jaintia, Khasi and Tripura hills. The Sylhet region is well known for its tea gardens and tropical forests. Sylhet has a history of conquests and heritage from different types of cultures. The city is described as a City of Saints with the mausoleum of the great saint Hazrat Shah Jalal.

Sylhet is considered one of the most picturesque and archaeologically rich regions in South Asia, and has major Islamic Sufi shrines and Hindu holy sites. Its bourgeoning economy has contributed to the regional attractions of landscapes filled with fragrant orange and pineapple gardens, and tea plantations. Many Sylhet community members have found work and residence abroad, particularly in the United Kingdom. They send remittances to fund projects and industries within the Sylhet Division, which have led to the expansion of the export industry and foreign investment sectors.




khadimnagar National Park

Location: Is 15 km northeast of Sylhet city, along the Sylhet-Tamabil highway within Sadar Upazilla.

Area: 679 hectares

Attraction:

  • Nature hiking,
  • Monkeys and many species of birds, Wild Orchids,
  • Near to tea gardens (Burjan Tea garden, Khadimnagar Tea garden and Kalagul Tea garden),
  • At the same place of the holy shrine of Hazrat Shahparan (R)

Habitat, Flora & Fauna Habitat, Flora & Fauna: It includes rolling hillocks covered by semi-deciduous tropical forest. Wildlifes include: 26 mammals, 9 amphibians, 20 reptiles, and 25 birds. Notable species are Red Junglefowl, White-backed Vulture, Dove, Brahminy Kite, Macaque, Capped Langur and Common Mongoose.

Description: Formerly known as Khadimnagar Reserve Forest, it was declared as National Park on 2006. During the 1960s, the primary bamboo vegetation were felled and replaced by plantations. Within a short-drive from Sylhet city, this is one of the new National Park in the country - provides excellent opportunities to observe a tropical forest with rich foliage and streams


  Satchari National Park

Location: At Chunaru Ghat Upazila under Hobiganj District. It is nearly 130 km north-east of Dhaka and approximately 60 km southwest of Srimongol city on the old Dhaka-Sylhet highway.

Area: The 243 hectares National Park is located within the larger 6,205 hectares Raghundan Hills Reserve Forest.

Attraction: Special mammals to look for include the Hoolock Gibbon and Phayre’s Langur, Among the birds, watch for the Oriental Pied Hornbill, Red Jungle Fowl, Red-headed Trogon and Pygmy Woodpecker, The colourful Tripura ethnic group resides in the area. Fossils remain on the forest floor, evidence of forest from millions of years ago (Please do not remove these fossils). Marked 1/2 hour, 1 hour and 3 hour hiking trails are available.

The Tripura's special Maikai dance means “the dance of sowing” and is performed during the time of paddy sowing. Their harvest festival, the biggest festival of the year, is called Mamita and is marked by dancing and singing. These and other Tripura dances are linked with religious and agricultural rituals. The Tripuras also have a new year’s festival which lasts through the last week of the old year. A special dance enacted through mimes is performed as an offering to the Gods Shiva or Goraya. Dancers go from house to house

performing this dance, called Garaya or Kherbai, welcoming the New Year.

 

Habitat, Flora & Fauna Habitat, Flora & Fauna: The forest is a remnant of the tropical evergreen and semi-evergreen forests that once covered the Sylhet division and ran down to the Chittagong Hill Tracts. Identified species include 24 mammals, 149 birds, 6 amphibians, 18 reptiles. Mammals include the Hoolock Gibbon, Capped Langur, Fishing Cat, Wild Boar and Barking Deer.

Description: The word "Satchari" refers to the seven streams that wind through this Protected Area. The natural beauty of the forest and its wildlife can be enjoyed by taking a stroll through any of the three designated hiking trails.


Rema-kalenga Wildlife sanctuary

Location: Approximately 130 km northeast of Dhaka and 80 km southwest of Sylhet in the Chunaru Ghat Upazila of Hobiganj District.

Area: The Sanctuary of 1,795 hectares is located within the larger 6,232 hectares Tarap Hill Reserve Forest.

Attraction:

  • Largest natural hill forest of Bangladesh.
  • Bird lover’s Paradise with 167 species of birds.
  • Primates include Capped Langur, Slow Loris and Monkeys
  • Fishing Cat, Wild Boar and Deer
  • Ethnic life and culture of the Tripura, Shantal, Telugu and Urang
  • Marked 1/2 hour, 1 hour and 3 hour hiking trails.
  • The Lonely Call of the Last Surviving Hoolock

When you visit Rema Kalenga, you may hear the high pitched whooping call of the single surviving Hoolock Gibbon, who cries for company. The other members of her tight-knit group may have been lost to poaching. Soon, she too may pass away. Wildlife zoologists from Dhaka University are looking for ways to save this single Hoolock by having her join an existing group in another forest, but the only lasting solution is to conserve the forest habitat in which she lives and to allow her and her fellow Hoolocks to live in the wild.

Habitat, Flora & Fauna Habitat, Flora & Fauna: The Sanctuary is composed of evergreen and semi-evergreen tropical plant species covering rolling and hilly land with small valleys. Four creeks which are tributaries of the Kusiyara River run through the sanctuary. Identified species include 20 mammals, 162 birds, 3 amphibians, 6 reptiles, and 606 plants. The mammals include the Hoolock Gibbon, Capped Langur, Phayre's Langur, Slow Loris, Monkeys, Fishing Cat, Wild Boar, Barking Deer and Mongoose.

Description: This beautiful virgin forest sanctuary - the largest remnant of the upland forest that covered much of the Sylhet region through the 1940s - is tucked away in the border region of Bangladesh on the southeast fringes of Sylhet division. It is home to a wonderful variety of plant, animal and bird-life and provides some of the best bird-watching experiences in the country. Four different ethnic forest communities with their unique cultures are to be found living in the forest.


Lawachara National Park

Location: 8 km east of Srimongal town; Kamalgonj Upazila; Maulvibazar District, Sylhet Division.

Area: The 1,250 hectare Park is located within the larger 2,740 hectares West Bhanugach Reserve Forest.

Attraction:

  • Largest group of Hoolock Gibbon in Bangladesh
  • 155 species of birds identified
  • Agar plants and more than 20 species of wild orchids
  • Easy access by road
  • Presence of two ethnic minority communities (Tripura and Khashia)
  • Marked hiking trails of 1/2 hour, 1 hour and 3 hours

 

Habitat, Flora & Fauna Habitat, Flora & Fauna: Forest is semi-evergreen. The 20 mammal species include 6 primates, 246 birds, 4 amphibians, 6 reptiles. Notable species include the Hoolock Gibbon; Capped Langur, Slow Loris, Pig-tailed Macaque, Orangebellied Himalayan Squirrel, Barking Deer and Masked Civet. Most notable plants include a variety of spectacular orchids, which bloom in abundance during the rainy season.

Description: A beautiful tropical forest near Srimongal marked by diverse birds and the presence of the largest population of the critically endangered Hoolock Gibbon in Bangladesh.

Lawachara National Park is part of the West Bhanugach Reserve Forest. The Park was notified in 1996 under the Wildlife Act of 1974. From the turn of the century through the 1950s, the Park's natural forest was gradually felled for plantations. The core area is an excellent compact forest of plantations dating from the 1920s, now evolving towards natural forest. The Park is now one of five pilot sites of the Nishorgo Support Project. Local people have formed a Government-recognized Council to oversee management of the Park and the surrounding landscape.


Madhob-Kunda Eco-park

Location: In the Baralekha Upazila in Moulvibazar District.

Area: 266 hectares

Attraction: The largest waterfall of the country

Habitat, Flora & Fauna Habitat, Flora & Fauna: Madhob-Kunda waterfall area is an attractive natural forest with different plant and wildlife species. Natural hill forests along with vast natural bamboo groves support wildlife like Deer, Wild Boar, Red Jungle Fowl, and Monkeys.

Description: The Madhob-Kunda Eco-park is best known for its waterfalls and lies in the eastern corner of the Sylhet Division. This area was declared as an Eco-Park in 2001 under a Government project with a view to conserve the Madhob-Kunda waterfall and its surrounding biodiversity.


Bikka Beel (Hali Haor) CC

Location: 6 km north-west of Srimongal town; Moulvibazar District, Sylhet Division.

Area: the Beel is about 170 hectare. It is within Hali Haor which has a dry season water extent of over 3,000 hectres and a wet season water extent of about 13000 hectares.

Attraction:

  • Large number of wintering ducks (Lesser and Fulvous Whistling-Ducks and Siberian migrants), Purple Swamphens and many other shorebirds.
  • Easy to see the threatened Pallas’s Fish Eagle.
  • Extensive bed of pink lotus and waterlilies.

Habitat, Flora & Fauna Habitat, Flora & Fauna: Swamp forest, 98 spicies of fish and 170 specis of birds including Ferruginous Duck, Pallas’s Fish Eagle, Greater Spotted eagle, Oriental Dater and large –billed reed Warbler.

Description: The first significant community managed wetland sanctuary in Bangladesh, it provides a safe refuge for fish that repopulated the much larger Hali Haor wetland that surrounds the beel. It is the most accessible wetland in Bangladesh where a large diversity of water birds can be seen


Hakaluki Haor ECA

Location: About 30 km northeast of Moulvibazar town, the haor includes parts of five upazilas under Moulviabazar and Sylhet districts.

Area: 18383 hectares.

Attraction:

  • Large numbers of wintering waterbirds.
  • Key habitat for critically endangered Baer’s Pochard.
  • Scenic beauty of haor in both winter and rainy season.

Habitat, Flora & Fauna Habitat, Flora & Fauna:

  • Lily, swamp forest and grassland.
  • Including Fishing Cat and Golden Jackal there are few Mammals.
  • 107 species of fish.
  • Among 120 species of birds, 76 are water birds and include: Greylag Goose, Ruddy Shelduck, falcated Duck, Northan Pintail, Gargany, Northern Shoveller, Common Pochard, Ferruginous Duck, Fulvous whistling-Duck, Purple Swamphen and Common Coot.

Description: Hakaluki Haor is the largest haor in Bangladesh. Its many water bodies support large numbers of duck in winter. This haor forms a freshwater sea in the monsoon, but in the dry season can be seen to contain more than 238 beels (such as Chatla, Pinglarkona, Balijhuri, haorkhali) with a water area of about 4600 ha. Wildlife in a wide open landscape makes it an attractive destination.


  Tanguar haor ECA

Location: about 325 km from Dhaka city and 35 km west of Sunamganj district town.

Area: 9527 ha.

Attraction:

  • Scenic beauty of the best preserved haor ecosystem at the foot of the hills of Meghalay.
  • Watch schools of fish in the clear haor water from a boat.
  • Very large flocks of wintering waterfowl
  • Nesting Pallas’s fish Eagle (globally Vulnerable)

Habitat, Flora & Fauna Habitat, Flora & Fauna:

  • Lily, swamp forest and other aquatic plants.
  • Including Fishing Cat and Golden Jackal there are few Mammals.
  • Ganges River Dolphin.
  • Among 160 species of birds, 74 are water birds and include: Greylag Goose, Ruddy Shelduck, falcated Duck, Northan Pintail, Gargany, Northern Shoveller, Common Pochard, Ferruginous Duck, Fulvous whistling-Duck, Purple Swamphen and Common Coot.

Description: The largest area of protected (semi-) natural floodplain wetland in Bangladesh. Large flocks of wintering water birds on beautiful clear waters against a backdrop of the neighboring hills await the adventurous visitor prepared to camp out to get the best of this area.




LIMESTONE FIELD

Location: About 60 km from Sylhet

Attraction:

Description: Limestone: Limestone of Eocene time are exposed on or close to the surface in the Takergaht-Lalghat areas of the north-western part of the Sylhet region along its border with the Indian state of Meghalaya. Reserve is about 30 million tons and it is the second largest discovered limestone in the country after the Jaipurhat. Preliminary reserve estimation was done in the sixties and seventies while the Geological Survey of Bangladesh in 1982 ascertained the reserve by putting 5 depths of about 30 to 100 meters below the surface, the deposit has a thickness of 152 meters and the reserve is estimated to be 17 million tons. In Lalghat and Takerghat areas limestone deposits occur at much shallow depths and their reserve are estimated to be about 10 and 2 million tons respectively. In these areas, limestone deposits are also sporadically exposed. The limestone body has brought to the surface by upliftment due to techtonic activity; most of its parts fall within the Indian Territory and Bangladesh sharply disappear under the alluvium cover in the south with a very high angle of dip. The Takerghat limestone deposit is being extracted since the Independence of Bangladesh and it’s reserve is fast diminishing. 


TEA GARDEN

Location: Greater Sylhet region

Attraction: Tea garden, Sightseeing

Description: Sylhet, Known as the tea capital of Bangladesh,is the main tea Centre of the area. For miles and miles around, the visitor can see the tea gardens spread like green carpet over the plain land or on the slopping hills. A visit to the tea plantation in Sylhet is a memorable experience. Sylhet the tea granary of Bangladesh not only has over 150 tea gardens but also proudly possesses the three largest tea gardens in the world both in area and production. 


JAFLANG

Location: About 60  km to the northeast of Sylhet town

Attraction: View of Meghalay, Clear river water, Siteseeing

Description: Jaflong is a natural tourist spot in the Division of  Sylhet, Bangladesh. It is located in Gowainghat Upazila of Sylhet District and situated at the border between Bangladesh and the Indian state of Meghalaya. It is just below the mountain range. Jafflong, famous for its beauty, boulders, betel nuts and is home of the Khasi tribe. Jaflong is also a scenic spot nearby amidst tea gardens and rate beauty of rolling stones from hill 


VOLAGANJ

Location: About 60  km to the northeast of Sylhet town

Attraction: View of Meghalay, Clear river water, Siteseeing

Description: Jaflong is good, but volaganj is better. You took a CNG and started to volaganj. It took around 1 hour to reach volaganj from sylhet.  And the sights beside the road were really awesome. And the volaganj..... it was simply nice.The weather was outstanding ...just after the rain.  The view was magnificent... the hills, the clean water, boats everything was just amazing. Cherapunji from  A  BGB  post was just inside of this stone query.The day labors were collecting rocks. 


MADHABPUR LAKE

Location: About 8 km. from Vanugachh

Attraction: Migratory birds

Description: Situated at Madhabpur tea estate in kamalgong upazilla of Moulvibazar districr, 8 kms away from  vanugachh. Vanugachh is located 13 kms off Srimongal and 24 kms from Moulvibazar. The lake is about 3 kms long and dotted with serried range of hills. This lake is a sanctuary for many migratory birds. 


HUMHUM FALLS

Location: About 80 km from Srimangal

Attraction: Waterfall

Description: This waterfall Hummum is located at Rajkandi( reserve forest, Moulvibazar in sylhet. Aroud 80 km away from srimangal and 35 km away from Kurma area of the Rajkandi forest range. The road from Kurma check post to Champarai tea garden.  After you arrived at Kolabagan Bosti which is situated at the edge of Kurma beat. Kolabagan was once home for tribal people from Tripura. After a ten minute walk from Kolabagan Bosti and you finally entered the jungle. It was very calm and thrilling. Almost a two hours walk to see the beautiful waterfall.  You should be reserved a jeep or cng to going kolabagan bosti. Then you are started trekking to humhum. 


GREEN BORDER

Location: Approximately 40 km from Sylhet city

Attraction: Tea garden, hill forest, view of Indian border

Description: This border is last point of Lala canal. It is a nice green nature. Tea garden and  hill forest are staying both side of this border. This place is located at jaynta  in sylhet. Stone zone jaflang are situated few km away from this spot. 


LALA KHAL

Location: Approximately 35 km from Sylhet city

Attraction: River canal

Description: This small river is located at jaynta thana in sylhet  district. This canal was just 8 km away From shari ghat.  This river is called lala khal. Its water is crystal clear and blue. Tea garden and other forest are staying both of side its river. This place is truly fantastic. 


RED HILL

Location: Fenchuganj in sylhet

Attraction: Hill

Description: This place is located  at Fenchuganj in sylhet.  This small hills  are few  km  away from migegaon rail station and around 50 km away from sylhet rail station. Biggest fertilizer factory is just inside this hill.  Its called hill of Switzerland also.